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Heating a glasshouse is a far more complex task than what you might at first imagine. There are numerous factors which need to be taken into consideration in order to heat a glasshouse to the right temperature for the prosperity of your plants and crops.
The main 5 factors to take into account when it comes to glasshouse heating are:
We will go through these points in detail below, to help you understand how to heat your glasshouse in the right way.
Points one and four do overlap, with the temperature required in your glasshouse very much linked to the types of plant and crop that you have.
Generally, it is important to ensure that your glasshouse remains above freezing at all times. This can be a particular challenge in the winter months without the right glasshouse heating equipment.
However, different plants and crops thrive at various temperatures. A little bit of internet research never fails to help in this regard with tender plants like pelargoniums needing to remain above 44 degrees fahrenheit at all times. Tropical and tender crops like tomatoes meanwhile always require a minimum temperature of 50 degrees fahrenheit.
Purchasing a number of thermometers is recommended in order to monitor the temperatures being experienced by each of your plants in different sections of your glasshouse. These required varying temperatures can be reached by having the right glasshouse equipment. Heated propagators and carefully positioned heating systems are both good ways of achieving this.
In some of the cooler zones across the United States it is strongly recommended that glasshouse heating measures are put in place to protect your plants.
In instances where glasshouse heating is required, the energy required will naturally differ depending upon the glasshouse size that you have.
Based on our experience, we have found that in instances where the outside temperature is approximately 38 fahrenheit, one of our 8 x 10 foot glasshouses will require some 2kw/h of power in order to maintain a constant internal temperature of 50 fahrenheit. Larger constructs will naturally require more energy in order to achieve the same temperatures.
When you are planning out your own made to measure glasshouse with Cultivar, we strongly recommend that you take the availability of electric power into consideration.
You should always plan to base your glasshouse within close distance of a power supply. Alternatively, given that you may be planning a glasshouse from scratch, why not employ the services of a qualified electrician to add a direct power supply into your greenhouse?
There are a number of reasonably priced electrically powered fan heaters of varying power and facility available to purchase. These can be floor or roof mounted in a place which is convenient so long as it is not near water sources or where significant watering takes place. The fan facility has the added advantage of improving air circulation, of particular benefit to plants during the summer months.
There are lower wattage heaters such as tubular heaters that will provide sufficient heat to cut the affects of frost. Propane heaters are also effective; once again they are available in different outputs for different uses.
Finally paraffin heaters are still available and although they may be temperamental they do offer heating without the necessity to introduce power into the glasshouse.
Quality levels will naturally vary depending upon the manufacturer, so do your research beforehand to make sure you are purchasing the right model to provide the glasshouse heating that you need.
A good place to find a range of greenhouse heaters is to look on Amazon where you can read reviews and compare a good selection of glasshouse heaters.